The Different Types of Roofing Shingles

image (1)Today, we have another educational post to teach you all about the different types of shingles you’ll find available today. We’re excited to explain the pros and cons of each type of shingle, and how that can affect the energy efficiency of your home and the budget you have to work with.

At RC Roofing, we’re always happy to help our customers make the best possible decision for their home roofing projects in Oklahoma City.

Here’s the breakdown of shingle types that you should know:

1. Asphalt

This type of shingle has been around for quite a long time now, and is widely used as the “go to” shingle for millions of homes across the United States. Asphalt shingles are cheap, durable, relatively straightforward to install and are also reasonably energy efficient.

The simple fact that it’s so cheap makes this type of shingle very popular with homeowners, but it’s not always the best choice for every home. For example, it doesn’t cope very well with extreme temperatures and is far better suited to a climate where temperature spikes and dips aren’t very common.

You can expect a professionally fitted asphalt shingle roof to last roughly 30-years, although the lifespan of this type of shingle is constantly being improved upon. Asphalt shingles are exclusively made with fiberglass and asphalt.

2. Wood

For some strange reason people always assume that wooden shingles are a relatively new introduction to the roofing industry, when the shingles have actually been used to put roofs over peoples’ heads for centuries. Most types of wood shingle come from redwood, red cedar, pine and cypress trees.

If budget isn’t something you need to worry about, then wood shingles are a great choice because of durability, look and a high energy efficiency rating. So you get a great looking roof and you’ll also save money on your energy bills. A properly fitted wooden shingle roof can last up to 50 years, but it does come at a price premium. Wood shingles obviously aren’t very fire resistant, and need additional treatments to ensure they can endure harsh weather conditions.

3. Tile

Most homes in hotter European countries have tiled roofs instead of using wood or asphalt shingles. Obviously in some Mediterranean countries a tiled roof is a statement of culture as much as it is a part of stylish, or functional, exterior design. Tiled roofs can last for several decades, but this type of roof covering is far more expensive than most other forms of shingles, and it does take an experienced roofing contractor to fit a tiled roof correctly.

4. Slate

Most European homes in colder climates use slate as their primary form of shingle because they are completely water resistant by nature, with no need for any additional treatments or coatings to protect them from water. They’re also extremely durable, with a slate roof capable of lasting up to 100 years, and beyond in many cases. Another reason why this form of shingle is so popular is because it copes very well with temperature extremes – something many states have to deal with on a regular basis.


You don’t need to become an expert in roofing shingles to understand the basics, and as long as you understand the basics you can ensure your roofing contractor is doing a good job.


  1. says

    I’ve been looking at the different kinds of roofing for what I want to have put on my dream home. I live in a place where it rains a ton, so I need to take that into account. I didn’t know that slate was completely water resistant and extremely durable, so I’ll have to suggest that to my wife! Thanks for the information!

  2. says

    I am needing to replace my roof sometime soon, so I appreciate you going over the different kind of roofing shingles available. I didn’t realize that slate shingles was even a thing! It sounds cool and I could imagine that it makes a big style statement, but it would probably not match my house style. This gives me a better idea of what to expect. Thanks for the info!

  3. says

    Residential roofing sound like a good idea to look into if you are putting a roof for a number of homes. I like that you can choose they material that you would like to use for your roof. Knowing that some material work better in some types or weather then others is something to pay attention to.

  4. says

    My home is about 30-years-old and so I know that it is about time for me to have the roof replaced. However, I am not too sure what type of shingles that I would like to have. My previous shingles were made from Asphalt, but I am looking for something a bit more durable. I do like the idea of using wood, but what type of treatment would be required to keep them both waterproof and fire resistant?

  5. says

    I want to make sure that I choose the right roofing material. I didn’t know that asphalt was so durable! I don’t live in a particularly hot place, so it should be perfectly fine with where I live.

  6. says

    I didn’t know that wood tiles can help you save money on your energy bill. I need to find a residential roofing company to replace my shingles because several of them have fallen off after a big storm came through last week. It would be great if I could get lower energy bills as well.

  7. says

    Thanks for talking about how asphalt shingles are cheap and energy efficient. My husband and I decided to replace our roof after a tree fell on it and took off several of the tile shingles. We might hire a professional roofer to install the asphalt just to make sure it’s done right.

  8. says

    My wife and I are having our dream house built with the help of both our parents. I talked to my contractor and he asked me what type of roofing would I prefer installed but I have no idea what the different kinds are. I might go with asphalt or Slate as they both seem promising materials. Thanks for the great tips!


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